The world’s fastest camera will enable to freeze time and show a beam of light in extremely slow motion, according to researchers. The advent of camera that can capture 10 trillion frames per second is expected to offer a comprehensive understanding towards the unexplored areas of the interaction between light and matter, explained the researchers from California Institute of Technology.
Researchers described the extraordinary camera in a paper featured in the journal Light: Science & Applications. It is primarily built on a technology known as compressed ultrafast photography (CUP) and named the new technique as T-CUP where T stands for ‘trillion’.
According to the scientists, existing ultrafast techniques are incapable to provide real-time, femtosecond, and passive imagining capabilities. Using these techniques may be appropriate for some samples but become impossible for fragile ones as the measurements taken with ultrafast laser pulses depend on precise repetition.
The T-CUP has set the world record for its real-time imagining speed which can passively receive photons scattered or emitted from dynamic scenes at the rate of 100 billion frames per second. Through several experiments, the scientists have been successful to reconstruct the speed up to 10 trillion fps. The technique can be applied to a number of applications including microscopes for biomedical and material science, in fluorescence lifetime mapping, and others.
Many scientists claimed the new invention of the fastest camera to be a fundamental shift towards evaluating the interaction between light and matter at an unparalleled temporal resolution. T-CUP can capture the intensity of the scattered light in a single measurement; breaking grounds to capture a single femtosecond pulse of laser light in real-time. As a result, the light pulse changed its intensity, shape, and angle of inclination at a relatively slower motion than before.
Jinyang Liang, an engineer at COIL said that there are possibilities to increase the speed up to 1 quadrillion fps with continuous development in streak camera technologies. The increase in speed will allow direct visualization and insights of nanostructure dynamics and irreversible chemical reactions.
T-CUP breaks the speed record set in 2015 by a camera that can capture 4.4 trillion frames per second. The researchers believe that their new invention will enable to spot ever-shorter events that eventually helps in unlocking undetectable secrets in the world of physics and biology.