How Do Battery Electric Vehicles Work

BEVs (battery electric vehicles) depend on the electricity that is stored or deposited in a battery pack to power an electric motor and turn the wheels. Once it gets exhausted, the batteries are recharged with the help of grid electricity, which is either from the dedicated charging unit or a wall socket. Battery electric vehicles are considered as electric vehicles as they are completely powered by electricity and not by diesel or gasoline. Factors driving the demand for electric vehicle batteries include:

  • Growing private equity investments in BEV automotive technology
  • Increasing public dependence on cleaner and renewable power generation
  • Upsurge in demand for high energy concentration batteries

The best part about battery electric vehicles is that, they produce no tailpipe pollution and for that matter, they don’t even have a tailpipe. However, some pollution is probable to be produced from the electricity used by the vehicles and come out in the form of heat-trapping gases. Other type of pollution is likely to take place during the extraction of fossil fuels or the source of its generation. Moreover, the battery electric vehicles that are powered by renewable energy sources such as solar or wind, are virtually emission-free.

The noteworthy part is that, choosing battery electric vehicles over vehicles using diesel and gasoline just shows that the BEVs are considerably cheaper than conventional vehicles that use fuel for power. There is possibility that traction in the market for electric cars help in the growth of electric vehicle battery market. Moreover, for improvement in the performance of electric vehicles, people are investing considerably in the electric vehicle battery market.

Features of Battery Electric Vehicles

BEVs minimize the amount of energy waste by turning the car off when stopped as well as by charging the battery when regenerative braking takes place. This process is equal to the functions of hybrid-electric and electric vehicles. Again when it comes to energy efficiency, electric motors are better than conventional engines. Moreover, the main benefit of BEVs is that, their batteries can be recharged at home. The vehicle can be charged overnight with a 240-volt outlet which is similar to the ones used by dryers of clothes. Usually, with a one fully loaded charge, the electric vehicle can go up to 70-100 miles. But in some cases, the BEVs can even go up to 265 miles with the same one-time charge.

In countries like USA, increasing number of workplace charging stations and public expands the charging capacity. Even drivers in today’s modern world prefer electric cars and appreciate its driving experience compared to the conventional driving experience. BEVs have exceptionally fast acceleration and a zippy or light feel in contrast to conventional vehicles. Additionally, there are some differences between the battery electric vehicles and the other electric vehicles and we must be aware about it too.

Difference between Other Electric Vehicles & BEVs

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles consist of both, conventional diesel or gasoline engine and an electric motor. In comparison to BEVs, these vehicles extend the whole driving range but then reduces the all-electric range. Moreover, regular hybrids that cannot be plugged in are not regarded as electric vehicles. Fuel cell electric vehicles transform hydrogen gas into electricity for powering an electric battery as well as the motor. Fuel cell vehicles is comparatively a new technology in passenger vehicles though they have an important role as carbon-cutting along with other electric vehicles.

Technology has its own advancement and we as individuals are responsible for protecting ourselves and our environment as well as working on the growing risks and costs of oil use. Ongoing developments and research in the Automotive & Transportation sector will help in enhancing the range and performance of the batteries of the electric vehicles.

Abhishek Budholiya

Abhishek Budholiya is a tech blogger, digital marketing pro, and has contributed to numerous tech magazines. Currently, as a technology and digital branding consultant, he offers his analysis on the tech market research landscape. His forte is analysing the commercial viability of a new breakthrough, a trait you can see in his writing. When he is not ruminating about the tech world, he can be found playing table tennis or hanging out with his friends.